Languages and Endangered Languages along the Silk Roads


Throughout history, thousands of languages have been spoken along the lengths of the Silk Roads, both land and maritime. These languages have been one of the major means of transmission of knowledge, beliefs, traditions and customs between peoples alongside the historic Silk Roads and into societies and communities far beyond. However, despite their historic vibrancy, not all of these languages have survived until today: some continue to be spoken whilst others are endangered or have become extinct. Those that are endangered or extinct have been recorded on the UNESCO list of World Languages in Danger.

Learn more about the languages in the UNESCO Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger.

The Silk Roads Online Platform provides information about the languages of the historic Silk Roads.

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Languages and Endangered Languages along the Silk Roads

Title Sort descending Country Route
东干语 哈萨克斯坦, 吉尔吉斯斯坦 陆上丝绸之路
中文 中国 陆上丝绸之路, 海上丝绸之路
乌尔都语 印度, 巴基斯坦 陆上丝绸之路, 海上丝绸之路
加尔瓦尔语 印度 陆上丝绸之路
卡蒂语 阿富汗, 巴基斯坦 陆上丝绸之路
斯瓦希里语 肯尼亚, 索马里, 坦桑尼亚联合共和国 海上丝绸之路
普什图语 阿富汗, 巴基斯坦 陆上丝绸之路
波斯语 阿富汗, 伊朗(伊斯兰共和国), 塔吉克斯坦 陆上丝绸之路
阿塞拜疆语 阿塞拜疆, 伊朗(伊斯兰共和国) 陆上丝绸之路
阿拉伯语 Egypt, 伊拉克, 约旦, 科威特, 黎巴嫩, 阿曼, 卡塔尔, 沙特阿拉伯, 索马里, 苏丹, 叙利亚, 阿拉伯联合酋长国, 也门 陆上丝绸之路, 海上丝绸之路



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